The seeds of M. myristica, chewed up are applied to the forehead for headache and for migraine in Gabon and ground up for headaches, rhino-pharygitis, or loss of voice, to apply on sores, or eaten as an antiemetic aperative and tonic in Congo. The seed is oblong and pale brown when fresh with a thin seed coat and hard kernel (Nesaretnam and Muhammad, 1999). The fruit is suspended on a long green stalk with numerous seeds embedded in whitish sweet smelling pulp. It is native to Eswatini, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, South Africa, Tanzania, and Zimbabwe. Monodora myristica is a specie of calabash nutmeg, the edible seeds yield a nutmeg-flavoured oil which is used in West Africa for cooking (Eggeling, 2002). , 2009). [3][5], The calabash nutmeg tree grows naturally in evergreen forests from Liberia to Nigeria and Cameroon, Ghana, Angola and also Uganda and west Kenya. Key Words: Afzelia africana, Monodora myristica, Fruit Tree Crops, Pre-Sowing Treatments, Screen House Introduction Seeds are still important starting materials for the propagation of many vital tree species. They are petiolate and can reach a size of up to 45 x 20 cm. Calabash nutmeg definition is - the fruit of a tropical shrub (Monodora myristica) of the family Annonaceae about the size of an orange and containing many aromatic seeds that are used like nutmegs. It is widely grown across the tropics including Guangdong and Yunnan in China, Taiwan, Indonesia, Malaysia, Grenada in the Caribbean, Kerala in India, Sri Lanka and South America. Monodora hastipetala is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. Propagation. The leaves are alternately arranged and drooping with the leaf blade being elliptical, oblong or broadest towards the apex and tapering to the stalk. Cananga odorata, known as the cananga tree, is a tropical tree that is native to India, through parts of Indochina, Malaysia, the Philippines and Indonesia, to Queensland, Australia. The calabash nutmeg tree grows naturally in evergreen forests from Liberia to Nigeria and Cameroon, Ghana, Angola and also Uganda and west Kenya. Dunal. It is native to Tanzania. Due to its large and orchid-like flowers, the tree is also grown as an ornamental. Its pollen is shed as permanent tetrads. Monodora myristica is a large deciduous tree (up to 35 m) and has a wide canopy of green leaves and stunning flowers. Flowers solitary (hence the name), orchid-like, green or yellow-green with liver-coloured spots, or some petals liver-coloured throughout; usually after the first good rains (September to November in Kwazulu-Natal). Monodora stenopetala is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. Due to the slave trade in the 18th century, the tree was introduced to the Caribbean islands where it was established and become known as Jamaican nutmeg. Monodora grandidieri is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. Monodora junodii is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. Monodora myristica, commonly known as calabash nutmeg, ehuru, Jamaican nutmeg, nuscade de Calabash, ariwo, airama, African nutmeg and African orchid nutmeg is a tropical shrub of the Annonaceae or custard apple family of flowering plants. Hardiness. Customers also viewed. It is native to Cameroon. It is native to Cameroon, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Ivory Coast, Liberia, Nigeria, and Sierra Leone. Kanara Nutmeg is endemic to the Western Ghats. N/A. Due to its large and orchid-like flowers, the t… Plants that belong to Annonaceae family are rich in flavonoids and bioflavonoids and are known to have antioxidant activity (Shahidi et al. Monodora myristica Filed as Monodora myristica (Gaertn.) [5], The Monodora myristica tree can reach a height of 35 m and 2 m in diameter at breast height (DBH). The flower’s stigmas become receptive before its stamens mature and shed their pollen (protogynous). [5], The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. The leaves are alternately arranged and drooping with the leaf blade being elliptical, oblong or broadest towards the apex and tapering to the stalk. [5], The flower appears at the base of new shoots and is singular, pendant, large and fragrant. The fruit is suspended on a long green stalk with numerous seeds embedded in whitish sweet smelling pulp. muskatinis kvapūnas statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Anoninių šeimos medieninis, prieskoninis augalas (Monodora myristica), paplitęs Afrikoje. Monodora myristica is a widespread and attractive small tree with very decorative flowers appearing just before the leaves. Heinrich Gustav Adolf Engler and Ludwig Diels, the German botanists who first formally described the species, named it after its small stature. The corolla is formed of six petals of which the three outer reach a length of 10 cm and show curled margins and red, green and yellow spots. The seeds contain 5-9% of a colourless essential oil. [7], World Checklist of Selected Plant Families, "Pollen morphology within the Monodora clade, a diverse group of five African Annonaceae genera", Recipe for West African 'Fish Rub' incorporating Calabash Nutmeg, Recipe for Nigerian 'Isi Ewu' (Goat Stew) incorporating Ehuru, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Monodora_myristica&oldid=994752458, Flora of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Plants used in traditional African medicine, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 December 2020, at 10:33. It is native to equatorial Africa. [5], The odour and taste of the Monodora myristica seed is similar to nutmeg and it is used as a popular spice in the West African cuisine. The flower’s stigmas become receptive before its stamens mature and shed their pollen (protogynous). Dunal – calabash nutmeg Subordinate Taxa. It is attached to a long stalk which is up to 60 cm long. Monodora globiflora is a species of plant in the family Annonaceae. The flower’s sepals are red-spotted, crisped and 2.5 cm long. Eugenia myrcianthes - Uvaia do Campo $6.50. Nutmeg is a spice, usually obtained from the plant Myristica fragrans.